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collyvsdude

Apache-2.0 181 5 22,036
May 14 2018 v2.1.0(3 years ago)
411 2 24 MIT
0.1.3(8 months ago) Feb 20 2022 27 (month)

Colly is a popular web scraping library for the Go programming language. It's designed to be fast and easy to use, and it provides a simple and flexible API for traversing and extracting information from websites.

Colly supports:

  • Concurrent scraping with a simple API
  • Automatic handling of cookies and sessions
  • Automatic handling of redirects
  • Support for parsing HTML and XML
  • Support for parsing JSON and binary data
  • Support for custom storage (e.g. scraping results to a database)
  • Simple JavaScript rendering with Colly's built-in rendering engine.

Colly also provides several optional features, such as support for user-agents, delay between requests, rate-limiting and proxy usage.

Colly's API is quite simple, and it is easy to get started with basic web scraping tasks. It's a good choice for scraping moderate to heavy sites, and it can be useful for a wide range of use cases, such as data mining, content extraction, and more.

Additionally, you can use it together with Goquery, a library that allow you to make jquery like queries on HTML documents and it is often used together with Colly to ease the way of parsing the HTML.

Dude (dude uncomplicated data extraction) is a very simple framework for writing web scrapers using Python decorators. The design, inspired by Flask, was to easily build a web scraper in just a few lines of code. Dude has an easy-to-learn syntax.

The simplest web scraper will look like this:

from dude import select


@select(css="a")
def get_link(element):
    return {"url": element.get_attribute("href")}

dude supports multiple parser backends: - playwright
- lxml
- parsel - beautifulsoup - pyppeteer - selenium

Highlights


popularcss-selectorsxpath-selectorscommunity-toolsoutput-pipelinesmiddlewaresasyncproductionlarge-scale

Example Use


package main

import (
  "fmt"

  "github.com/gocolly/colly/v2"
)

func main() {
  // Instantiate default collector
  c := colly.NewCollector(
    // Visit only domains: hackerspaces.org, wiki.hackerspaces.org
    colly.AllowedDomains("hackerspaces.org", "wiki.hackerspaces.org"),
  )

  // On every a element which has href attribute call callback
  c.OnHTML("a[href]", func(e *colly.HTMLElement) {
    link := e.Attr("href")
    // Print link
    fmt.Printf("Link found: %q -> %s\n", e.Text, link)
    // Visit link found on page
    // Only those links are visited which are in AllowedDomains
    c.Visit(e.Request.AbsoluteURL(link))
  })

  // Before making a request print "Visiting ..."
  c.OnRequest(func(r *colly.Request) {
    fmt.Println("Visiting", r.URL.String())
  })

  // Start scraping on https://hackerspaces.org
  c.Visit("https://hackerspaces.org/")
}
from dude import select

"""
This example demonstrates how to use Parsel + async HTTPX
To access an attribute, use:
    selector.attrib["href"]
You can also access an attribute using the ::attr(name) pseudo-element, for example "a::attr(href)", then:
    selector.get()
To get the text, use ::text pseudo-element, then:
    selector.get()
"""


@select(css="a.url", priority=2)
async def result_url(selector):
    return {"url": selector.attrib["href"]}


# Option to get url using ::attr(name) pseudo-element
@select(css="a.url::attr(href)", priority=2)
async def result_url2(selector):
    return {"url2": selector.get()}


@select(css=".title::text", priority=1)
async def result_title(selector):
    return {"title": selector.get()}


@select(css=".description::text", priority=0)
async def result_description(selector):
    return {"description": selector.get()}


if __name__ == "__main__":
    import dude

    dude.run(urls=["https://dude.ron.sh"], parser="parsel")

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