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goqueryvssoup

BSD-3-Clause 3 2 13,635
58.1 thousand (month) Aug 29 2016 v1.9.2(a month ago)
2,134 1 22 MIT
Apr 29 2017 58.1 thousand (month) v1.2.5(2 years ago)

goquery brings a syntax and a set of features similar to jQuery to the Go language. goquery is a popular and easy-to-use library for Go that allows you to use a CSS selector-like syntax to select elements from an HTML document.

It is based on Go's net/html package and the CSS Selector library cascadia. Since the net/html parser returns nodes, and not a full-featured DOM tree, jQuery's stateful manipulation functions (like height(), css(), detach()) have been left off.

Also, because the net/html parser requires UTF-8 encoding, so does goquery: it is the caller's responsibility to ensure that the source document provides UTF-8 encoded HTML. See the wiki for various options to do this. Syntax-wise, it is as close as possible to jQuery, with the same function names when possible, and that warm and fuzzy chainable interface. jQuery being the ultra-popular library that it is, I felt that writing a similar HTML-manipulating library was better to follow its API than to start anew (in the same spirit as Go's fmt package), even though some of its methods are less than intuitive (looking at you, index()...).

goquery can download HTML by itself (using built-in http client) though it's not recommended for web scraping as it's likely to be blocked.

soup is a Go library for parsing and querying HTML documents.

It provides a simple and intuitive interface for extracting information from HTML pages. It's inspired by popular Python web scraping library BeautifulSoup and shares similar use API implementing functions like Find and FindAll.

soup can also use go's built-in http client to download HTML content.

Note that unlike beautifulsoup, soup does not support CSS selectors or XPath.

Example Use


package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "github.com/PuerkitoBio/goquery"
)

func main() {
  // Use goquery.NewDocument to load an HTML document
  // This can load from URL
  doc, err := goquery.NewDocument("http://example.com")
  // or HTML string:
  doc, err := goquery.NewDocumentFromReader("some html")
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println("Error:", err)
    return
  }

  // Use the Selection.Find method to select elements from the document
  doc.Find("a").Each(func(i int, s *goquery.Selection) {
    // Use the Selection.Text method to get the text of the element
    fmt.Println(s.Text())
    // Use the Selection.Attr method to get the value of an attribute
    fmt.Println(s.Attr("href"))
  })
}
package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "log"

  "github.com/anaskhan96/soup"
)

func main() {

  url := "https://www.bing.com/search?q=weather+Toronto"

  # soup has basic HTTP client though it's not recommended for scraping:
  resp, err := soup.Get(url)
  if err != nil {
    log.Fatal(err)
  }

  # create soup object from HTML
  doc := soup.HTMLParse(resp)

  # html elements can be found using Find or FindStrict methods:
  # in this case find <div> elements where "class" attribute matches some values:
  grid := doc.FindStrict("div", "class", "b_antiTopBleed b_antiSideBleed b_antiBottomBleed")
  # note: to find all elements FindAll() method can be used the same way

  # elements can be further searched for descendents:
  heading := grid.Find("div", "class", "wtr_titleCtrn").Find("div").Text()
  conditions := grid.Find("div", "class", "wtr_condition")
  primaryCondition := conditions.Find("div")
  secondaryCondition := primaryCondition.FindNextElementSibling()
  temp := primaryCondition.Find("div", "class", "wtr_condiTemp").Find("div").Text()
  others := primaryCondition.Find("div", "class", "wtr_condiAttribs").FindAll("div")
  caption := secondaryCondition.Find("div").Text()

  fmt.Println("City Name : " + heading)
  fmt.Println("Temperature : " + temp + "˚C")
  for _, i := range others {
    fmt.Println(i.Text())
  }
  fmt.Println(caption)
}

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