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cssselectvsrequests-html

BSD 21 8 284
7.4 million (month) Apr 14 2012 1.2.0(1 year, 6 months ago)
13,605 2 223 MIT
Feb 25 2018 1.0 million (month) 0.10.0(5 years ago)

cssselect is a BSD-licensed Python library to parse CSS3 selectors and translate them to XPath 1.0 expressions.

XPath 1.0 expressions can be used in lxml or another XPath engine to find the matching elements in an XML or HTML document.

cssselect is used by other popular Python packages like parsel and scrapy but can also be used on it's own to generate valid XPath 1.0 expressions for parsing HTML and XML documents in other tools.

Note that because XPath selectors are more powerful than CSS selectors this translation is only possible one way. Converting XPath to CSS selectors is impractical and not supported by cssselect.

requests-html is a Python package that allows you to easily make HTTP requests and parse the HTML content of web pages. It is built on top of the popular requests package and uses the html parser from the lxml library, which makes it fast and efficient. This package is designed to provide a simple and convenient API for web scraping, and it supports features such as JavaScript rendering, CSS selectors, and form submissions.

It also offers a lot of functionalities such as cookie, session, and proxy support, which makes it an easy-to-use package for web scraping and web automation tasks.

In short requests-html offers:

  • Full JavaScript support!
  • CSS Selectors (a.k.a jQuery-style, thanks to PyQuery).
  • XPath Selectors, for the faint of heart.
  • Mocked user-agent (like a real web browser).
  • Automatic following of redirects.
  • Connection–pooling and cookie persistence.
  • The Requests experience you know and love, with magical parsing abilities.
  • Async Support

Example Use


from cssselect import GenericTranslator, SelectorError

translator = GenericTranslator()
try:
    expression = translator.css_to_xpath('div.content')
    print(expression)
    'descendant-or-self::div[@class and contains(concat(' ', normalize-space(@class), ' '), ' content ')]'
except SelectorError as e:
    print(f'Invalid selector {e}')
from requests_html import HTMLSession

session = HTMLSession()
r = session.get('https://www.example.com')

# print the HTML content of the page
print(r.html.html)

# use CSS selectors to find specific elements on the page
title = r.html.find('title', first=True)
print(title.text)

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