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html5-parservsxml2

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103.7 thousand (month) Jun 03 2007 0.4.12(6 months ago)
218 3 64 MIT
Apr 20 2015 745.3 thousand (month) 1.3.6(10 months ago)

html5-parser is a Python library for parsing HTML and XML documents.

A fast implementation of the HTML 5 parsing spec for Python. Parsing is done in C using a variant of the gumbo parser. The gumbo parse tree is then transformed into an lxml tree, also in C, yielding parse times that can be a thirtieth of the html5lib parse times. That is a speedup of 30x. This differs, for instance, from the gumbo python bindings, where the initial parsing is done in C but the transformation into the final tree is done in python.

It is built on top of the popular lxml library and provides a simple and intuitive API for working with the document's structure.

html5-parser uses the HTML5 parsing algorithm, which is more lenient and forgiving than the traditional XML-based parsing algorithm. This means that it can parse HTML documents with malformed or missing tags and still produce a usable parse tree.

To use html5-parser, you first need to install it via pip by running pip install html5-parser. Once it is installed, you can use the html5_parser.parse() function to parse an HTML document and create a parse tree. For example:

from html5_parser import parse

html_string = "<html><body>Hello, World!</body></html>"
root = parse(html_string)
print(root.tag) # html
You can also use `html5_parser.parse()`` with file-like objects, bytes or file paths.

Once you have a parse tree, you can use the find() and findall() methods to search for elements in the document similar to BeautifulSoup.

html5-parser also supports searching using xpath, similar to lxml.

The xml2 package is a binding to libxml2, making it easy to work with HTML and XML from R. The API is somewhat inspired by jQuery.

xml2 can be used to parse HTML documents using XPath selectors and is a successor to R's XML package with a few improvements:

  • xml2 takes care of memory management for you. It will automatically free the memory used by an XML document as soon as the last reference to it goes away.
  • xml2 has a very simple class hierarchy so don't need to think about exactly what type of object you have, xml2 will just do the right thing.
  • More convenient handling of namespaces in Xpath expressions - see xml_ns() and xml_ns_strip() to get started.

Example Use


from html5_parser import parse

html_string = "<html><body>Hello, World!</body></html>"
root = parse(html_string)
print(root.tag) # html
body = root.find("body")
# or find all
print(body.text) # "Hello, World!"
for el in root.findall("p"):
    print(el.text) # "Hello
library("xml2")
x <- read_xml("<foo> <bar> text <baz/> </bar> </foo>")
x

xml_name(x)
xml_children(x)
xml_text(x)
xml_find_all(x, ".//baz")

h <- read_html("<html><p>Hi <b>!")
h
xml_name(h)

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