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htmlqueryvslxml

MIT 8 1 693
58.1 thousand (month) Feb 07 2019 v1.3.0(1 year, 2 months ago)
2,562 12 19 BSD-3-Clause
5.2.1(3 days ago) Dec 13 2022 85.1 million (month)

htmlquery is a Go library that allows you to parse and extract data from HTML documents using XPath expressions. It provides a simple and intuitive API for traversing and querying the HTML tree structure, and it is built on top of the popular Goquery library.

lxml is a low-level XML and HTML tree processor. It's used by many other libraries such as parsel or beautifulsoup for higher level HTML parsing.

One of the main features of lxml is its speed and efficiency.
It is built on top of the libxml2 and libxslt C libraries, which are known for their high performance and low memory footprint. This makes lxml well-suited for processing large and complex XML and HTML documents.

One of the key components of lxml is the ElementTree API, which is modeled after the ElementTree API from the Python standard library's xml module. This API provides a simple and intuitive way to access and manipulate the elements and attributes of an XML or HTML document. It also provides a powerful and flexible Xpath engine that allows you to select elements based on their names, attributes, and contents.

Another feature of lxml is its support for parsing and creating XML documents using the XSLT standard. The lxml library provides a powerful and easy-to-use interface for applying XSLT stylesheets to XML documents, which can be used to transform and convert XML documents into other formats, such as HTML, PDF, or even other XML formats.

For web scraping it's best to use other higher level libraries that use lxml like parsel or beautifulsoup

Highlights


low-levelfast

Example Use


package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "log"

  "github.com/antchfx/htmlquery"
)

func main() {
  // Parse the HTML string
  doc, err := htmlquery.Parse([]byte(`
    <html>
      <body>
        <h1>Hello, World!</h1>
        <ul>
          <li>Item 1</li>
          <li>Item 2</li>
          <li>Item 3</li>
        </ul>
      </body>
    </html>
  `))
  if err != nil {
    log.Fatal(err)
  }

  // Extract the text of the first <h1> element
  h1 := htmlquery.FindOne(doc, "//h1")
  fmt.Println(htmlquery.InnerText(h1)) // "Hello, World!"

  // Extract the text of all <li> elements
  lis := htmlquery.Find(doc, "//li")
  for _, li := range lis {
    fmt.Println(htmlquery.InnerText(li))
  }
  // "Item 1"
  // "Item 2"
  // "Item 3"
}
from lxml import etree

# this is our HTML page:
html = """
<head>
  <title>Hello World!</title>
</head>
<body>
  <div id="product">
    <h1>Product Title</h1>
    <p>paragraph 1</p>
    <p>paragraph2</p>
    <span class="price">$10</span>
  </div>
</body>
"""

tree = tree.fromstring(html)

# for parsing, LXML only supports XPath selectors:
tree.xpath('//span[@class="price"]')[0].text
"$10"

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