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xpathvslxml

MIT 13 2 646
58.1 thousand (month) Jun 08 2019 (a day ago)
2,562 12 19 BSD-3-Clause
5.2.1(3 days ago) Dec 13 2022 85.1 million (month)

xpath is a library for Go that allows you to use XPath expressions to select elements from an HTML document. It is built on top of the html package in the Go standard library, and provides a way to select elements from an HTML document using XPath expressions, which are more powerful and expressive than CSS selectors.

lxml is a low-level XML and HTML tree processor. It's used by many other libraries such as parsel or beautifulsoup for higher level HTML parsing.

One of the main features of lxml is its speed and efficiency.
It is built on top of the libxml2 and libxslt C libraries, which are known for their high performance and low memory footprint. This makes lxml well-suited for processing large and complex XML and HTML documents.

One of the key components of lxml is the ElementTree API, which is modeled after the ElementTree API from the Python standard library's xml module. This API provides a simple and intuitive way to access and manipulate the elements and attributes of an XML or HTML document. It also provides a powerful and flexible Xpath engine that allows you to select elements based on their names, attributes, and contents.

Another feature of lxml is its support for parsing and creating XML documents using the XSLT standard. The lxml library provides a powerful and easy-to-use interface for applying XSLT stylesheets to XML documents, which can be used to transform and convert XML documents into other formats, such as HTML, PDF, or even other XML formats.

For web scraping it's best to use other higher level libraries that use lxml like parsel or beautifulsoup

Highlights


low-levelfast

Example Use


package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "github.com/antchfx/xpath"
  "golang.org/x/net/html"
  "strings"
)

func main() {
  // Create an HTML string
  html := `<html>
        <body>
          <div id="content">
            <p>Hello, World!</p>
            <a href="http://example.com">Example</a>
          </div>
        </body>
      </html>`

  // Parse the HTML string into a node tree
  doc, err := html.Parse(strings.NewReader(html))
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println("Error:", err)
    return
  }

  // Compile the XPath expression
  expr, err := xpath.Compile("//p")
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println("Error:", err)
    return
  }

  // Use the Evaluate method to select elements from the document
  nodes, err := expr.Evaluate(xpath.NodeNavigator(doc))
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println("Error:", err)
    return
  }
  if nodes.MoveNext() {
    fmt.Println(nodes.Current().Value())
    // > Hello, World!
  }
}
from lxml import etree

# this is our HTML page:
html = """
<head>
  <title>Hello World!</title>
</head>
<body>
  <div id="product">
    <h1>Product Title</h1>
    <p>paragraph 1</p>
    <p>paragraph2</p>
    <span class="price">$10</span>
  </div>
</body>
"""

tree = tree.fromstring(html)

# for parsing, LXML only supports XPath selectors:
tree.xpath('//span[@class="price"]')[0].text
"$10"

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