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reqvshttpx

MIT 43 1 4,117
58.1 thousand (month) Jun 28 2023 v3.43.7(a month ago)
12,662 12 61 BSD-3-Clause
Jul 26 2019 63.4 million (month) 0.27.0(4 months ago)

The Go library "req" is a simple and easy-to-use library for making HTTP requests in Go. It is designed to make working with HTTP requests as simple as possible, by providing a clean and consistent API for handling various types of requests, including GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE.

One of the key features of req is its support for handling JSON data. The library automatically serializes and deserializes JSON data, making it easy to work with JSON data in your Go applications. Additionally, it supports multipart file uploads and automatic decompression of gzip and deflate encoded responses.

req also includes a number of convenience functions for working with common HTTP request types, such as sending GET and POST requests, handling redirects, and setting headers and query parameters. The library can also be easily extended with custom middleware and request handlers.

Overall, req is a powerful and flexible library that makes it easy to work with HTTP requests in Go. It is well-documented and actively maintained, making it a great choice for any Go project that needs to work with HTTP requests.

httpx is a fully featured HTTP client for Python 3, which provides sync and async APIs, and support for both HTTP/1.1 and HTTP/2. It is designed to be a replacement for the popular requests package, with the added benefit of being fully compatible with Python 3's async features.

One of the main features of httpx is its support for asynchronous programming. This means that it can send multiple requests at the same time, without blocking the execution of your program. This can lead to significant performance improvements, especially when working with many small requests, or when dealing with slow or unreliable network connections.

httpx also supports sending HTTP/2 requests, which allows for more efficient use of network resources and can result in faster page loads.

One of the strengths of httpx is the possibility of working on streaming mode for the response data. This means you can process the response as it comes in, instead of waiting for the entire response to be received. This is useful when working with large files, or when you need to process the data in real-time.

Additionally, httpx provides a number of other features that are common in modern HTTP clients, such as support for sending and receiving cookies, handling redirects, and working with multipart file uploads. It also include support for several well-known authentication modules like BasicAuth, DigestAuth, and BearerAuth.

Highlights


asynciotriosynchttp2

Example Use


req.DevMode() //  Use Client.DevMode to enable debugging details

// There are 2 ways to use req (like many other http clients)
// First way is to create a persistent session client:
client := req.C(). // defaults like timeout and headers can be set for the whole session
    SetUserAgent("my-custom-client").
    SetTimeout(5 * time.Second)
// defaults can be overriden and extended in each request
resp, err := client.R(). // Use R() to create a request and set with chainable request settings.
    SetHeader("Accept", "application/vnd.github.v3+json").
    SetPathParam("username", "imroc").
    SetQueryParam("page", "1").
    SetResult(&result). // Unmarshal response into struct automatically if status code >= 200 and <= 299.
    SetError(&errMsg). // Unmarshal response into struct automatically if status code >= 400.
    EnableDump(). // Enable dump at request level to help troubleshoot, log content only when an unexpected exception occurs.
    Get("https://api.github.com/users/{username}/repos")

// Alternatively, it can be used as is without establishing a client

resp := client.Get("https://api.github.com/users/{username}/repos"). // Create a GET request with specified URL.
    SetHeader("Accept", "application/vnd.github.v3+json").
    SetPathParam("username", "imroc").
    SetQueryParam("page", "1").
    SetResult(&result).
    SetError(&errMsg).
    EnableDump().
    Do() // Send request with Do.
import httpx

# Just like requests httpx can be used directly
response = httpx.get("http://webscraping.fyi/")
response.status_code
200
response.text
"text"
response.content
b"bytes"

# HTTP2 needs to be enabled explicitly and is recommended for web scraping:
response = httpx.get("http://webscraping.fyi/", http2=True)

# httpx can automatically convert json responses to Python dictionaries:
response = httpx.get("http://httpbin.org/json")
print(response.json())
{'slideshow': {'author': 'Yours Truly', 'date': 'date of publication', 'slides': [{'title': 'Wake up to WonderWidgets!', 'type': 'all'}, {'items': ['Why <em>WonderWidgets</em> are great', 'Who <em>buys</em> WonderWidgets'], 'title': 'Overview', 'type': 'all'}], 'title': 'Sample Slide Show'}}

# for POST request it can ingest Python's dictionaries as JSON:
response = requests.post("http://httpbin.org/post", json={"query": "hello world"})
# or form data:
response = requests.post("http://httpbin.org/post", data={"query": "hello world"})

# persistent client can be established using Client object
# this allows to set default values and automatically track cookies
from httpx import Client

c = Client(headers={"User-Agent": "webscraping.fyi"}, http2=True)
c.get('http://httpbin.org/cookies/set/foo/bar')
print(c.cookies['foo'])
'bar'
print(c.get('http://httpbin.org/cookies').json())
{'cookies': {'foo': 'bar'}}

# for asynchronous requests AsyncClient must be used:
import asyncio
from httpx import AsyncClient 

async def example_use():
    async with AsyncClient(headers={"User-Agent": "webscraping.fyi"}) as client:
        response = await client.get("http://httpbing.org/get")
        # to schedule multiple requests concurrently use asyncio gather or as_completed
        three_concurrent_responses = await asyncio.gather(
            client.get("http://httpbing.org/get"),
            client.get("http://httpbing.org/get"),
            client.get("http://httpbing.org/get"),
        )

asyncio.run(example_use())

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