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restyvshttpx

MIT 67 1 9,452
58.1 thousand (month) Oct 28 2018 v2.13.1(a month ago)
12,499 12 55 BSD
Jul 26 2019 62.2 million (month) 0.27.0(3 months ago)

Resty is an HTTP and REST client library for Go. It is designed to be simple and easy to use, while still providing a lot of powerful features. One of the main benefits of using Resty is that it allows you to make HTTP requests with minimal boilerplate code, while still providing a lot of flexibility and control over the requests.

One of the key features of Resty is its use of chaining. This allows you to chain together multiple methods to build up a request, making the code more readable and easy to understand. For example, you can chain together the R().SetHeader("Accept", "application/json") method to set the Accept header and R().SetQueryParam("param1", "value1") to add a query parameter to the request.

Resty also provides a lot of convenience functions for making common types of requests, such as Get, Post, Put, and Delete. This can be useful if you need to make a simple request quickly and don't want to spend a lot of time configuring the request. Additionally, Resty also provides a way to set a timeout for the request, in case the server takes too long to respond.

Resty also supports HTTP/2 and advanced features like multipart file upload, request and response middlewares, request hooks, and many others.

Overall, Resty is a good choice if you're looking for a simple and easy-to-use HTTP client library for Go. It's a good fit for projects that don't require a lot of customization and need a quick way to make HTTP requests.

httpx is a fully featured HTTP client for Python 3, which provides sync and async APIs, and support for both HTTP/1.1 and HTTP/2. It is designed to be a replacement for the popular requests package, with the added benefit of being fully compatible with Python 3's async features.

One of the main features of httpx is its support for asynchronous programming. This means that it can send multiple requests at the same time, without blocking the execution of your program. This can lead to significant performance improvements, especially when working with many small requests, or when dealing with slow or unreliable network connections.

httpx also supports sending HTTP/2 requests, which allows for more efficient use of network resources and can result in faster page loads.

One of the strengths of httpx is the possibility of working on streaming mode for the response data. This means you can process the response as it comes in, instead of waiting for the entire response to be received. This is useful when working with large files, or when you need to process the data in real-time.

Additionally, httpx provides a number of other features that are common in modern HTTP clients, such as support for sending and receiving cookies, handling redirects, and working with multipart file uploads. It also include support for several well-known authentication modules like BasicAuth, DigestAuth, and BearerAuth.

Highlights


asynciotriosynchttp2

Example Use


package main

// establish session client
client := resty.New()
// set proxy for the session
client.SetProxy("http://proxyserver:8888")
// set retries
client.
    // Set retry count to non zero to enable retries
    SetRetryCount(3).
    // You can override initial retry wait time.
    // Default is 100 milliseconds.
    SetRetryWaitTime(5 * time.Second).
    // MaxWaitTime can be overridden as well.
    // Default is 2 seconds.
    SetRetryMaxWaitTime(20 * time.Second).
    // SetRetryAfter sets callback to calculate wait time between retries.
    // Default (nil) implies exponential backoff with jitter
    SetRetryAfter(func(client *resty.Client, resp *resty.Response) (time.Duration, error) {
        return 0, errors.New("quota exceeded")
    })

// Make GET request
resp, err := client.R().
    // we can set query
    SetQueryParams(map[string]string{
        "query": "foo",
    }).
    // and headers
    SetHeader("Accept", "application/json").
    Get("https://httpbin.org/get")

// Make Post request
resp, err := client.R().
    // JSON data
    SetHeader("Content-Type", "application/json").
    SetBody(`{"username":"testuser", "password":"testpass"}`).
    // or Form Data
    SetFormData(map[string]string{
      "username": "jeeva",
      "password": "mypass",
    }).
    Post("https://httpbin.org/post")

// resty also support request and response middlewares
// which allow easy modification of outgoing requests and incoming responses
client.OnBeforeRequest(func(c *resty.Client, req *resty.Request) error {
    // Now you have access to Client and current Request object
    // manipulate it as per your need

    return nil  // if its success otherwise return error
  })

// Registering Response Middleware
client.OnAfterResponse(func(c *resty.Client, resp *resty.Response) error {
    // Now you have access to Client and current Response object
    // manipulate it as per your need

    return nil  // if its success otherwise return error
  })
import httpx

# Just like requests httpx can be used directly
response = httpx.get("http://webscraping.fyi/")
response.status_code
200
response.text
"text"
response.content
b"bytes"

# HTTP2 needs to be enabled explicitly and is recommended for web scraping:
response = httpx.get("http://webscraping.fyi/", http2=True)

# httpx can automatically convert json responses to Python dictionaries:
response = httpx.get("http://httpbin.org/json")
print(response.json())
{'slideshow': {'author': 'Yours Truly', 'date': 'date of publication', 'slides': [{'title': 'Wake up to WonderWidgets!', 'type': 'all'}, {'items': ['Why <em>WonderWidgets</em> are great', 'Who <em>buys</em> WonderWidgets'], 'title': 'Overview', 'type': 'all'}], 'title': 'Sample Slide Show'}}

# for POST request it can ingest Python's dictionaries as JSON:
response = requests.post("http://httpbin.org/post", json={"query": "hello world"})
# or form data:
response = requests.post("http://httpbin.org/post", data={"query": "hello world"})

# persistent client can be established using Client object
# this allows to set default values and automatically track cookies
from httpx import Client

c = Client(headers={"User-Agent": "webscraping.fyi"}, http2=True)
c.get('http://httpbin.org/cookies/set/foo/bar')
print(c.cookies['foo'])
'bar'
print(c.get('http://httpbin.org/cookies').json())
{'cookies': {'foo': 'bar'}}

# for asynchronous requests AsyncClient must be used:
import asyncio
from httpx import AsyncClient 

async def example_use():
    async with AsyncClient(headers={"User-Agent": "webscraping.fyi"}) as client:
        response = await client.get("http://httpbing.org/get")
        # to schedule multiple requests concurrently use asyncio gather or as_completed
        three_concurrent_responses = await asyncio.gather(
            client.get("http://httpbing.org/get"),
            client.get("http://httpbing.org/get"),
            client.get("http://httpbing.org/get"),
        )

asyncio.run(example_use())

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