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node-fetchvshttr

MIT 206 10 8,650
222.1 million (month) Dec 28 2012 3.3.2(5 months ago)
981 9 1 MIT
1.4.7(1 year, 4 days ago) May 06 2012 816.7 thousand (month)

node-fetch is a lightweight library that provides a fetch()-like API for making HTTP requests in Node.js. It is a light-weight implementation of the Fetch API, which is mostly compatible with the browser's version.

node-fetch is primarily known as almost identical package fetch() is included in web browsers so it shares the same use common API. It's great starting point for people coming from front-end environment.

The aim of httr is to provide a wrapper for the curl package, customised to the demands of modern web APIs.

Key features:

  • Functions for the most important http verbs: GET(), HEAD(), PATCH(), PUT(), DELETE() and POST().
  • Automatic connection sharing across requests to the same website (by default, curl handles are managed automatically), cookies are maintained across requests, and a up-to-date root-level SSL certificate store is used.
  • Requests return a standard reponse object that captures the http status line, headers and body, along with other useful information.
  • Response content is available with content() as a raw vector (as = "raw"), a character vector (as = "text"), or parsed into an R object (as = "parsed"), currently for html, xml, json, png and jpeg.
  • You can convert http errors into R errors with stop_for_status().
  • Config functions make it easier to modify the request in common ways: set_cookies(), add_headers(), authenticate(), use_proxy(), verbose(), timeout(), content_type(), accept(), progress().
  • Support for OAuth 1.0 and 2.0 with oauth1.0_token() and oauth2.0_token(). The demo directory has eight OAuth demos: four for 1.0 (twitter, vimeo, withings and yahoo) and four for 2.0 (facebook, github, google, linkedin). OAuth credentials are automatically cached within a project.

Highlights


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Example Use


const fetch = require('node-fetch');

// fetch supports both Promises and async/await
fetch('http://httpbin.org/get')
    .then(res => res.text())
    .then(body => console.log(body))
    .catch(err => console.error(err));
const response = await fetch('http://httpbin.org/get');

// for concurrent scraping Promise.all can be used
const results = await Promise.all([
  fetch('http://httpbin.org/html'),
  fetch('http://httpbin.org/html'),
  fetch('http://httpbin.org/html'),
])

// POST requests
await fetch('http://httpbin.org/post', {
    method: 'POST',
    headers: { 'Content-Type': 'application/json' },
    body: JSON.stringify({ name: 'John Doe' }),
})

// Proxy use:
const agent = new https.Agent({
    rejectUnauthorized: false,
    proxy: {
        host: 'proxy.example.com',
        port: 8080
    }
});

await fetch('https://httpbin.org/ip', { agent })

// setting headers and cookies
const headers = new fetch.Headers();
headers.append('Cookie', 'myCookie=123');
headers.append('X-My-Header', 'myValue');

await fetch('https://httpbin.org/headers', { headers })
library(httr)

# GET requests:
resp <- GET("http://httpbin.org/get")
status_code(resp)  # status code
headers(resp)  # headers
str(content(resp))  # body

# POST requests: 
# Form encoded
resp <- POST(url, body = body, encode = "form")
# Multipart encoded
resp <- POST(url, body = body, encode = "multipart")
# JSON encoded
resp <- POST(url, body = body, encode = "json")

# setting cookies:
resp <- GET("http://httpbin.org/cookies", set_cookies("MeWant" = "cookies"))
content(r)$cookies  # get response cookies

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