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httrvsnestful

MIT 1 9 979
710.2 thousand (month) May 06 2012 1.4.7(10 months ago)
506 3 11 NA
1.1.4(4 years ago) Apr 20 2010 39.9 thousand (month)

The aim of httr is to provide a wrapper for the curl package, customised to the demands of modern web APIs.

Key features:

  • Functions for the most important http verbs: GET(), HEAD(), PATCH(), PUT(), DELETE() and POST().
  • Automatic connection sharing across requests to the same website (by default, curl handles are managed automatically), cookies are maintained across requests, and a up-to-date root-level SSL certificate store is used.
  • Requests return a standard reponse object that captures the http status line, headers and body, along with other useful information.
  • Response content is available with content() as a raw vector (as = "raw"), a character vector (as = "text"), or parsed into an R object (as = "parsed"), currently for html, xml, json, png and jpeg.
  • You can convert http errors into R errors with stop_for_status().
  • Config functions make it easier to modify the request in common ways: set_cookies(), add_headers(), authenticate(), use_proxy(), verbose(), timeout(), content_type(), accept(), progress().
  • Support for OAuth 1.0 and 2.0 with oauth1.0_token() and oauth2.0_token(). The demo directory has eight OAuth demos: four for 1.0 (twitter, vimeo, withings and yahoo) and four for 2.0 (facebook, github, google, linkedin). OAuth credentials are automatically cached within a project.

Nestful is a Ruby library for making HTTP requests. It is designed to provide a simple, easy-to-use interface for making requests and handling responses. Nestful is often used for making requests to RESTful APIs.

One of the main features of Nestful is its ability to automatically parse JSON and XML responses and return them as Ruby objects. This allows developers to easily access the data returned by an API without having to manually parse the response.

Netful is aimed at interacting with rest APIs and provides a convenient interface (see example below)

Example Use


library(httr)

# GET requests:
resp <- GET("http://httpbin.org/get")
status_code(resp)  # status code
headers(resp)  # headers
str(content(resp))  # body

# POST requests: 
# Form encoded
resp <- POST(url, body = body, encode = "form")
# Multipart encoded
resp <- POST(url, body = body, encode = "multipart")
# JSON encoded
resp <- POST(url, body = body, encode = "json")

# setting cookies:
resp <- GET("http://httpbin.org/cookies", set_cookies("MeWant" = "cookies"))
content(r)$cookies  # get response cookies
require 'nestful'

# GET request
response = Nestful.get('http://httpbin.org/get')
puts response.body
puts response.code
puts response.headers

# POST request
response = Nestful.post(
    'http://httpbin.org/post', 
    :format => :json, :payload => { :title => 'foo', :body => 'bar', :userId => 1 }
)
puts response.body

# establish interface to a specific API
class Charge < Nestful::Resource
  endpoint 'https://api.stripe.com/v1/charges'
  options :auth_type => :bearer, :password => 'sk_bar'

  def self.all
    self.new(get)
  end

  def self.find(id)
    self.new(get(id))
  end

  def refund
    post(:refund)
  end
end

Charge.all #=> []
Charge.find('ch_bar').amount

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