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ferretvscrwlr-crawler

Apache-2.0 52 7 5,606
58.1 thousand (month) Aug 06 2019 v0.18.0(1 year, 9 days ago)
298 2 2 MIT
v1.7.2(17 days ago) Apr 18 2022 12 (month)

Ferret is a web scraping system. It aims to simplify data extraction from the web for UI testing, machine learning, analytics and more. ferret allows users to focus on the data. It abstracts away the technical details and complexity of underlying technologies using its own declarative language. It is extremely portable, extensible, and fast.

Features

  • Declarative language
  • Support of both static and dynamic web pages
  • Embeddable
  • Extensible

Ferret is always implemented in Python through pyfer

This library provides kind of a framework and a lot of ready to use, so-called steps, that you can use as building blocks, to build your own crawlers and scrapers with.

Some features: - Crawler Politeness innocent (respecting robots.txt, throttling,...) - Load URLs using - a (PSR-18) HTTP client (default is of course Guzzle) - or a headless browser (chrome) to get source after Javascript execution - Get absolute links from HTML documents link - Get sitemaps from robots.txt and get all URLs from those sitemaps - Crawl (load) all pages of a website spider - Use cookies (or don't) cookie - Use any HTTP methods (GET, POST,...) and send any headers or body - Iterate over paginated list pages repeat - Extract data from: - HTML and also XML (using CSS selectors or XPath queries) - JSON (using dot notation) - CSV (map columns) - Extract schema.org structured data in JSON-LD format from HTML documents - Keep memory usage low by using PHP Generators muscle - Cache HTTP responses during development, so you don't have to load pages again and again after every code change - Get logs about what your crawler is doing (accepts any PSR-3 LoggerInterface)

Example Use


// Example scraper for Google in Ferret:
LET google = DOCUMENT("https://www.google.com/", {
    driver: "cdp",
    userAgent: "Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_14_6) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/76.0.3809.87 Safari/537.36"
})

HOVER(google, 'input[name="q"]')
WAIT(RAND(100))
INPUT(google, 'input[name="q"]', @criteria, 30)
WAIT(RAND(100))
CLICK(google, 'input[name="btnK"]')

WAITFOR EVENT "navigation" IN google

WAIT_ELEMENT(google, "#res")

LET results = ELEMENTS(google, X("//*[text() = 'Search Results']/following-sibling::*/*"))

FOR el IN results
    RETURN {
        title: INNER_TEXT(el, 'h3')?,
        description: INNER_TEXT(el, X("//em/parent::*")),
        url: ELEMENT(el, 'a')?.attributes.href
    }
<?php
require_once 'vendor/autoload.php';

use Crwlr\Crawler;

$crawler = new Crawler();
$crawler->get('https://example.com', ['User-Agent' => 'webscraping.fyi']);


// more links can be followed:
$crawler->followLinks();

// and current page can be parsed:
$response = $crawler->response();
$title = $crawler->filter('title')->text();
echo $response->getContent();
```

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