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parselvschopper

BSD 36 8 1,053
1.0 million (month) Jul 26 2019 1.8.1(10 months ago)
22 3 1 MIT
0.6.0(9 months ago) Jul 24 2014 567 (month)

parsel is a library for parsing HTML and XML using selectors, similar to beautifulsoup. It is built on top of the lxml library and allows for easy extraction of data from HTML and XML files using selectors, similar to how you would use CSS selectors in web development. It is a light-weight library which is specifically designed for web scraping and parsing, so it is more efficient and faster than beautifulsoup in some use cases.

Some of the key features of parsel include:

  • CSS selector & XPath selector support:
    Two most common html parsing path languages are both supported in parsel. This allows selecting attributes, tags, text and complex matching rules that use regular expressions or XPath functions.
  • Modifying data:
    parsel allows you to modify the contents of an element, remove elements or add new elements to a document.
  • Support for both HTML and XML:
    parsel supports both HTML and XML documents and you can use the same selectors for both formats.

It is easy to use and less verbose than beautifulsoup, so it's quite popular among the developers who are working with Web scraping projects and parse data from large volume of web pages.

Chopper is a tool to extract elements from HTML by preserving ancestors and CSS rules.

Compared to other HTML parsers Chopper is designed to retain original HTML tree but eliminate elements that do not match parsing rules. Meaning, we can parse HTML elements and keep thei structure for machine learning or other tasks where data structure is needed as well as the data value.

Highlights


css-selectorsxpath-selectors

Example Use


from parsel import Selector

# this is our HTML page:
html = """
<head>
  <title>Hello World!</title>
</head>
<body>
  <div id="product">
    <h1>Product Title</h1>
    <p>paragraph 1</p>
    <p>paragraph2</p>
    <span class="price">$10</span>
  </div>
</body>
"""

selector = Selector(html)

# we can use CSS selectors:
selector.css("#product .price::text").get()
"$10"

# or XPath:
selector.xpath('//span[@class="price"]').get()
"$10"

# or get all matching elements:
print(selector.css("#product p::text").getall())
["paragraph 1", "paragraph2"]

# parsel also comes with utility methods like regular expression parsing:
selector.xpath('//span[@class="price"]').re("\d+")
["10"]
HTML = """
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Test</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="header"></div>
    <div id="main">
      <div class="iwantthis">
        HELLO WORLD
        <a href="/nope">Do not want</a>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div id="footer"></div>
  </body>
</html>
"""

CSS = """
div { border: 1px solid black; }
div#main { color: blue; }
div.iwantthis { background-color: red; }
a { color: green; }
div#footer { border-top: 2px solid red; }
"""

extractor = Extractor.keep('//div[@class="iwantthis"]').discard('//a')
html, css = extractor.extract(HTML, CSS)

# will result in:
html
"""
<html>
  <body>
    <div id="main">
      <div class="iwantthis">
        HELLO WORLD
      </div>
    </div>
  </body>
</html>"""

css
"""
div{border:1px solid black;}
div#main{color:blue;}
div.iwantthis{background-color:red;}
"""

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