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gotvsaiohttp

MIT 108 10 13,904
88.1 million (month) Mar 27 2014 14.2.1(30 days ago)
14,508 30 499 Apache 2
3.9.3(2 months ago) Jul 26 2019 105.3 million (month)

Got is a lightweight and powerful HTTP client for Node.js. It is built on top of the http and https modules and provides a simple, consistent API for making HTTP requests.

Got is one of the most feature-rich http clients in NodeJS ecosystem offering http2, proxy and asynchronous support making it ideal for web scraping.

Got also supports many specific domain integrations like AWS, plugins for various public APIs like github.

Note that Got has some inconsistent behaviors when it comes to web scraping use.
For example, it normalizes http headers which is undesired functionality in scraping and should be disabled.

aiohttp is an asynchronous HTTP client/server framework for asyncio and Python. It provides a simple API for making HTTP requests and handling both client and server functionality. Like the requests package, aiohttp is designed to be easy to use and handle many of the low-level details of working with HTTP.

The main benefit of aiohttp over requests is that it is built on top of the asyncio library, which means that it can handle many requests at the same time without blocking the execution of your program. This can lead to significant performance improvements when making many small requests, or when dealing with slow or unreliable network connections.

aiohttp provides both client and server side functionality, so you can use it to create web servers and handle client requests in a non-blocking manner. It also supports WebSocket protocol, so it can be used for building real-time application like chat, game, etc.

aiohttp also provide several features for handling connection errors, managing timeouts, and client sessions. It also provide similar features like requests package like redirect handling, cookies, and support for several authentication modules.

You can install aiohttp via pip package manager:

pip install aiohttp

In terms of API design, aiohttp is similar to requests and thus should be familiar to anyone who has used the requests library, but it provides an async with block to manage the context of the connection and used await statement to wait for the result.

It''s worth noting that aiohttp is built on top of asyncio and is designed to be used in Python 3.5 and above. It provides the same functionality as httpx but it is specifically built for the asyncio framework.

Highlights


http2asyncpopularextendibletypescriptproxy
asynciowebsocketshttp2http-servermulti-partresponse-streaminghttp-proxy

Example Use


const got = require('got');

// GET requests are default and can be made calling the module as is:
const response = await got('https://api.example.com');
console.log(response.body);

// POST requests can send 
const response = await got.post('https://api.example.com', {
    json: { name: 'John Doe' },
});
console.log(response.body);

// handling cookies
import {CookieJar} from 'tough-cookie';

const cookieJar = new CookieJar();

await cookieJar.setCookie('foo=bar', 'https://httpbin.org');
await got('https://httpbin.org/anything', {cookieJar});

// using proxy
import got from 'got';
import {HttpsProxyAgent} from 'hpagent';

await got('https://httpbin.org/ip', {
  agent: {
    https: new HttpsProxyAgent({
      keepAlive: true,
      keepAliveMsecs: 1000,
      maxSockets: 256,
      maxFreeSockets: 256,
      scheduling: 'lifo',
      proxy: 'https://localhost:8080'
    })
  }
});
import asyncio
from aiohttp import ClientSession, WSMsgType

# aiohttp only provides async client so we must use a coroutine:
async def run():
    async with ClientSession(headers={"User-Agent": "webscraping.fyi"}) as session:
        # we can use the session to make requests:
        response = await session.get("http://httpbin.org/headers")
        print(response.status)
        # note: to read the response body we must use await:
        print(await response.text())

        # aiohttp also comes with convenience methods for common requests:
        # POST json
        resp = await session.post("http://httpbin.org/post", json={"key": "value"})
        # POST form data
        resp = await session.post("http://httpbin.org/post", data={"key": "value"})
        # decode response as json
        resp = await session.get("http://httpbin.org/json")
        data = await resp.json()
        print(data)

        # aiohttp also supports websocket connections
        # which can be used to scrape websites that use websockets:
        async with session.ws_connect("http://example.org/ws") as ws:
            async for msg in ws:
                if msg.type == WSMsgType.TEXT:
                    if msg.data == "close cmd":
                        await ws.close()
                        break
                    else:
                        await ws.send_str(msg.data + "/answer")
                elif msg.type == WSMsgType.ERROR:
                    break


asyncio.run(run())

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