Skip to content

aiohttpvsrequests

Apache 2 499 30 14,508
105.3 million (month) Jul 26 2019 3.9.3(2 months ago)
3,555 8 99 ISC
v2.0.11(11 days ago) Oct 06 2013 16.1 thousand (month)

aiohttp is an asynchronous HTTP client/server framework for asyncio and Python. It provides a simple API for making HTTP requests and handling both client and server functionality. Like the requests package, aiohttp is designed to be easy to use and handle many of the low-level details of working with HTTP.

The main benefit of aiohttp over requests is that it is built on top of the asyncio library, which means that it can handle many requests at the same time without blocking the execution of your program. This can lead to significant performance improvements when making many small requests, or when dealing with slow or unreliable network connections.

aiohttp provides both client and server side functionality, so you can use it to create web servers and handle client requests in a non-blocking manner. It also supports WebSocket protocol, so it can be used for building real-time application like chat, game, etc.

aiohttp also provide several features for handling connection errors, managing timeouts, and client sessions. It also provide similar features like requests package like redirect handling, cookies, and support for several authentication modules.

You can install aiohttp via pip package manager:

pip install aiohttp

In terms of API design, aiohttp is similar to requests and thus should be familiar to anyone who has used the requests library, but it provides an async with block to manage the context of the connection and used await statement to wait for the result.

It''s worth noting that aiohttp is built on top of asyncio and is designed to be used in Python 3.5 and above. It provides the same functionality as httpx but it is specifically built for the asyncio framework.

PHP library "Requests" is an HTTP library written in PHP, for making HTTP requests. It's heavily inspired by a popular Python library called Requests and aims for the same goals of simplifying HTTP client complexities.

It abstracts the complexities of making requests behind a simple API so that you can focus on interacting with services and consuming data in your application.

Requests allows you to send HTTP/1.1 HEAD, GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, and PATCH HTTP requests. You can add headers, form data, multipart files, and parameters with basic arrays, and access the response data in the same way.

Requests uses cURL and fsockopen, depending on what your system has available, but abstracts all the nasty stuff out of your way, providing a consistent API.

Features:

  • International Domains and URLs
  • Browser-style SSL Verification
  • Basic/Digest Authentication
  • Automatic Decompression
  • Connection Timeouts

Highlights


asynciowebsocketshttp2http-servermulti-partresponse-streaminghttp-proxy

Example Use


import asyncio
from aiohttp import ClientSession, WSMsgType

# aiohttp only provides async client so we must use a coroutine:
async def run():
    async with ClientSession(headers={"User-Agent": "webscraping.fyi"}) as session:
        # we can use the session to make requests:
        response = await session.get("http://httpbin.org/headers")
        print(response.status)
        # note: to read the response body we must use await:
        print(await response.text())

        # aiohttp also comes with convenience methods for common requests:
        # POST json
        resp = await session.post("http://httpbin.org/post", json={"key": "value"})
        # POST form data
        resp = await session.post("http://httpbin.org/post", data={"key": "value"})
        # decode response as json
        resp = await session.get("http://httpbin.org/json")
        data = await resp.json()
        print(data)

        # aiohttp also supports websocket connections
        # which can be used to scrape websites that use websockets:
        async with session.ws_connect("http://example.org/ws") as ws:
            async for msg in ws:
                if msg.type == WSMsgType.TEXT:
                    if msg.data == "close cmd":
                        await ws.close()
                        break
                    else:
                        await ws.send_str(msg.data + "/answer")
                elif msg.type == WSMsgType.ERROR:
                    break


asyncio.run(run())
require 'vendor/autoload.php';
use Requests;

// make GET request
$response = Requests::get('https://httpbin.org/get');
echo $response->status_code;

// make POST request
$data = array('name' => 'Bob', 'age' => 35);
$options = array('auth' => array('user', 'pass'));
$response = Requests::post('https://httpbin.org/post', array(), $data, $options);
echo $response->status_code;

Alternatives / Similar