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selectolaxvsnokogiri

MIT license 15 1 937
79.7 thousand (month) Mar 01 2018 0.3.20(19 days ago)
6,090 21 119 MIT
1.16.2(24 days ago) Jul 25 2009 4.3 million (month)

selectolax is a fast and lightweight library for parsing HTML and XML documents in Python. It is designed to be a drop-in replacement for the popular BeautifulSoup library, with significantly faster performance.

selectolax uses a Cython-based parser to quickly parse and navigate through HTML and XML documents. It provides a simple and intuitive API for working with the document's structure, similar to BeautifulSoup.

To use selectolax, you first need to install it via pip by running pip install selectolax``. Once it is installed, you can use theselectolax.html.fromstring()function to parse an HTML document and create a selectolax object. For example:

from selectolax.parser import HTMLParser

html_string = "<html><body>Hello, World!</body></html>"
root = HTMLParser(html_string).root
print(root.tag) # html
You can also useselectolax.html.fromstring()with file-like objects, bytes or file paths, as well asselectolax.xml.fromstring()`` for parsing XML documents.

Once you have a selectolax object, you can use the select() method to search for elements in the document using CSS selectors, similar to BeautifulSoup. For example:

body = root.select("body")[0]
print(body.text()) # "Hello, World!"

Like BeautifulSoups find and find_all methods selectolax also supports searching using the search()`` method, which returns the first matching element, and thesearch_all()`` method, which returns all matching elements.

Nokogiri is a Ruby gem that provides a simple and powerful way to parse and search XML and HTML documents. It is built on top of the underlying C library libxml2, which is known for its speed and reliability.

Nokogiri provides a simple and intuitive API for parsing and searching XML and HTML documents, and it is widely used in the Ruby ecosystem for web scraping and data extraction.

One of the main features of Nokogiri is its ability to search and navigate through XML and HTML documents using a CSS or XPath selectors.

Nokogiri also provides a variety of other features that can simplify the process of working with XML and HTML documents. It can automatically handle character encodings and normalize documents, it can parse and search large documents with low memory usage, and it can validate documents against a DTD or schema.

Highlights


css-selectorsxpathpopular

Example Use


from selectolax.parser import HTMLParser

html_string = "<html><body>Hello, World!</body></html>"
root = HTMLParser(html_string).root
print(root.tag) # html

# use css selectors:
body = root.select("body")[0]
print(body.text()) # "Hello, World!"

# find first matching element:
body = root.search("body")
print(body.text()) # "Hello, World!"

# or all matching elements:
html_string = "<html><body><p>paragraph1</p><p>paragraph2</p></body></html>"
root = HTMLParser(html_string).root
for el in root.search_all("p"):
  print(el.text()) 
# will print:
# paragraph 1
# paragraph 2
require 'nokogiri'

html_string = '<html><head><title>Page Title</title></head><body><h1 class="header-class">Hello World!</h1><p>This is a sample webpage.</p></body></html>'

# Parse the HTML string
doc = Nokogiri::HTML(html_string)

# Extract the class attribute of h1 tag using CSS selector
h1_class = doc.css("h1")[0]['class']
# or XPath
h1_class = doc.xpath("//h1")[0]['class']
puts "H1 class: #{h1_class}"

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