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curl-impersonatevsrequests

MIT 60 1 3,452
Feb 23 2022 v0.6.1(4 months ago)
51,712 30 234 Apache-2.0
Feb 14 2011 457.6 million (month) 2.32.3(a month ago)

Curl-impersonate is a special build of libcurl and cURL HTTP client that impersonates the four major browsers: - Google Chrome - Microsoft Edge - Safari - Firefox Curl-impersonate achieves this by patching TLS and HTTP fingerprints to be identical to that of one of these real browsers.

Unlike other HTTP clients curl-impersonate can bypass TSL and HTTP fingerprinting and detection techniques though it does not implement anything for Javascript fingerprint or bypass.

The requests package is a popular library for making HTTP requests in Python. It provides a simple, easy-to-use API for sending HTTP/1.1 requests, and it abstracts away many of the low-level details of working with HTTP. One of the key features of requests is its simple API. You can send a GET request with a single line of code:

import requests
response = requests.get('https://webscraping.fyi/lib/requests/')
requests makes it easy to send data along with your requests, including JSON data and files. It also automatically handles redirects and cookies, and it can handle both basic and digest authentication. Additionally, it's also providing powerful functionality for handling exceptions, managing timeouts and session, also handling a wide range of well-known content-encoding types. One thing to keep in mind is that requests is a synchronous library, which means that your program will block (stop execution) while waiting for a response. In some situations, this may not be desirable, and you may want to use an asynchronous library like httpx or aiohttp. You can install requests package via pip package manager:
pip install requests
requests is a very popular library and has a large and active community, which means that there are many third-party libraries that build on top of it, and it has a wide range of usage.

Highlights


bypasshttp2tls-fingerprinthttp-fingerprintlow-level
syncease-of-useno-http2no-asyncpopular

Example Use


curl-impersonate installs itself under `curl_` terminal commands like `curl_chrome116`:
$ curl_chrome116 https://www.wikipedia.org
To use it in HTTP client libraries that use `libcurl` replace curl path with one of these. To use it in python directly see curl-cffi Python package
import requests

# get request:
response = requests.get("http://webscraping.fyi/")
response.status_code
200
response.text
"text"
response.content
b"bytes"

# requests can automatically convert json responses to Python dictionaries:
response = requests.get("http://httpbin.org/json")
print(response.json())
{'slideshow': {'author': 'Yours Truly', 'date': 'date of publication', 'slides': [{'title': 'Wake up to WonderWidgets!', 'type': 'all'}, {'items': ['Why <em>WonderWidgets</em> are great', 'Who <em>buys</em> WonderWidgets'], 'title': 'Overview', 'type': 'all'}], 'title': 'Sample Slide Show'}}

# for POST request it can ingest Python's dictionaries as JSON:
response = requests.post("http://httpbin.org/post", json={"query": "hello world"})
# or form data:
response = requests.post("http://httpbin.org/post", data={"query": "hello world"})

# Session object can be used to automatically keep track of cookies and set defaults:
from requests import Session
s = Session()
s.headers = {"User-Agent": "webscraping.fyi"}
s.get('http://httpbin.org/cookies/set/foo/bar')
print(s.cookies['foo'])
'bar'
print(s.get('http://httpbin.org/cookies').json())
{'cookies': {'foo': 'bar'}}

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