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hrequestsvsrvest

Apache-2.0 13 1 541
2.5 thousand (month) Feb 23 2022 0.8.2(3 months ago)
1,485 1 23 MIT
Nov 22 2014 502.9 thousand (month) 1.0.4(1 year, 10 months ago)

hrequests is a feature rich modern replacement for a famous requests library for Python. It provides a feature rich HTTP client capable of resisting popular scraper identification techniques: - Seamless transition between headless browser and http client based requests - Integrated HTML parser - Mimicking of real browser TLS fingerprints - Javascript rendering - HTTP2 support - Realistic browser headers

rvest is a popular R library for web scraping and parsing HTML and XML documents. It is built on top of the xml2 and httr libraries and provides a simple and consistent API for interacting with web pages.

One of the main advantages of using rvest is its simplicity and ease of use. It provides a number of functions that make it easy to extract information from web pages, even for those who are not familiar with web scraping. The html_nodes and html_node functions allow you to select elements from an HTML document using CSS selectors, similar to how you would select elements in JavaScript.

rvest also provides functions for interacting with forms, including html_form, set_values, and submit_form functions. These functions make it easy to navigate through forms and submit data to the server, which can be useful when scraping sites that require authentication or when interacting with dynamic web pages.

rvest also provides functions for parsing XML documents. It includes xml_nodes and xml_node functions, which also use CSS selectors to select elements from an XML document, as well as xml_attrs and xml_attr functions to extract attributes from elements.

Another advantage of rvest is that it provides a way to handle cookies, so you can keep the session alive while scraping a website, and also you can handle redirections with handle_redirects

Highlights


bypasshttp2tls-fingerprinthttp-fingerprintsyncasync

Example Use


hrequests has almost identical API and UX as requests and here's a quick overview:
import hrequests

# perform HTTP client requests
resp = hrequests.get('https://httpbin.org/html')
print(resp.status_code)
# 200

# use headless browsers and sessions:
session = hrequests.Session('chrome', version=122, os="mac")

# supports asyncio and easy concurrency
requests = [
    hrequests.async_get('https://www.google.com/', browser='firefox'),
    hrequests.async_get('https://www.duckduckgo.com/'),
    hrequests.async_get('https://www.yahoo.com/'),
    hrequests.async_get('https://www.httpbin.org/'),
]
responses = hrequests.map(requests, size=3)  # max 3 conccurency
library("rvest")

# Rvest can use basic HTTP client to download remote HTML:
tree <- read_html("http://webscraping.fyi/lib/r/rvest")
# or read from string:
tree <- read_html('
<div class="products">
  <a href="/product/1">Cat Food</a>
  <a href="/product/2">Dog Food</a>
</div>
')

# to parse HTML trees with rvest we use r pipes (the %>% symbol) and html_element function:
# we can use css selectors:
print(tree %>% html_element(".products>a") %>% html_text())
# "[1] "\nCat Food\nDog Food\n""

# or XPath:
print(tree %>% html_element(xpath="//div[@class='products']/a") %>% html_text())
# "[1] "\nCat Food\nDog Food\n""

# Additionally rvest offers many quality of life functions:
# html_text2 - removes trailing and leading spaces and joins values
print(tree %>% html_element("div") %>% html_text2())
# "[1] "Cat Food Dog Food""

# html_attr - selects element's attribute:
print(tree %>% html_element("div") %>% html_attr('class'))
# "products"

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