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rvestvshttpclient

MIT 17 1 1,455
629.3 thousand (month) Nov 22 2014 1.0.4(1 year, 7 months ago)
697 4 96 ruby
2.8.3(7 years ago) Jul 25 2009 3.6 million (month)

rvest is a popular R library for web scraping and parsing HTML and XML documents. It is built on top of the xml2 and httr libraries and provides a simple and consistent API for interacting with web pages.

One of the main advantages of using rvest is its simplicity and ease of use. It provides a number of functions that make it easy to extract information from web pages, even for those who are not familiar with web scraping. The html_nodes and html_node functions allow you to select elements from an HTML document using CSS selectors, similar to how you would select elements in JavaScript.

rvest also provides functions for interacting with forms, including html_form, set_values, and submit_form functions. These functions make it easy to navigate through forms and submit data to the server, which can be useful when scraping sites that require authentication or when interacting with dynamic web pages.

rvest also provides functions for parsing XML documents. It includes xml_nodes and xml_node functions, which also use CSS selectors to select elements from an XML document, as well as xml_attrs and xml_attr functions to extract attributes from elements.

Another advantage of rvest is that it provides a way to handle cookies, so you can keep the session alive while scraping a website, and also you can handle redirections with handle_redirects

HTTPClient is a Ruby gem that provides a simple and flexible interface for making HTTP requests. It's a full-featured HTTP client library with support for cookies, redirects, proxy, and more. It's built on top of the libwww-perl library, which is a widely-used, robust and well-documented library.

Features:

  • methods like GET/HEAD/POST/* via HTTP/1.1.
  • HTTPS(SSL), Cookies, proxy, authentication(Digest, NTLM, Basic), etc.
  • asynchronous HTTP request, streaming HTTP request.
  • debug mode CLI.
  • by contrast with net/http in standard distribution;
  • Cookies support
  • MT-safe
  • streaming POST (POST with File/IO)
  • Digest auth
  • Negotiate/NTLM auth for WWW-Authenticate (requires net/ntlm module; rubyntlm gem)
  • NTLM auth for Proxy-Authenticate (requires 'win32/sspi' module; rubysspi gem)
  • extensible with filter interface
  • you don't have to care HTTP/1.1 persistent connection (httpclient cares instead of you)

Example Use


library("rvest")

# Rvest can use basic HTTP client to download remote HTML:
tree <- read_html("http://webscraping.fyi/lib/r/rvest")
# or read from string:
tree <- read_html('
<div class="products">
  <a href="/product/1">Cat Food</a>
  <a href="/product/2">Dog Food</a>
</div>
')

# to parse HTML trees with rvest we use r pipes (the %>% symbol) and html_element function:
# we can use css selectors:
print(tree %>% html_element(".products>a") %>% html_text())
# "[1] "\nCat Food\nDog Food\n""

# or XPath:
print(tree %>% html_element(xpath="//div[@class='products']/a") %>% html_text())
# "[1] "\nCat Food\nDog Food\n""

# Additionally rvest offers many quality of life functions:
# html_text2 - removes trailing and leading spaces and joins values
print(tree %>% html_element("div") %>% html_text2())
# "[1] "Cat Food Dog Food""

# html_attr - selects element's attribute:
print(tree %>% html_element("div") %>% html_attr('class'))
# "products"
require 'httpclient'

client = HTTPClient.new
# GET requests
response = client.get("http://httpbin.org/get")
puts response.content

# POST requests
data = { name: "value" }
response = client.post("http://httpbin.org/post", data)
puts response.content

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