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rvestvsem-http-request

MIT 22 1 1,479
612.5 thousand (month) Nov 22 2014 1.0.4(1 year, 9 months ago)
1,218 4 13 MIT
Oct 25 2009 250.4 thousand (month) 1.1.7(3 years ago)

rvest is a popular R library for web scraping and parsing HTML and XML documents. It is built on top of the xml2 and httr libraries and provides a simple and consistent API for interacting with web pages.

One of the main advantages of using rvest is its simplicity and ease of use. It provides a number of functions that make it easy to extract information from web pages, even for those who are not familiar with web scraping. The html_nodes and html_node functions allow you to select elements from an HTML document using CSS selectors, similar to how you would select elements in JavaScript.

rvest also provides functions for interacting with forms, including html_form, set_values, and submit_form functions. These functions make it easy to navigate through forms and submit data to the server, which can be useful when scraping sites that require authentication or when interacting with dynamic web pages.

rvest also provides functions for parsing XML documents. It includes xml_nodes and xml_node functions, which also use CSS selectors to select elements from an XML document, as well as xml_attrs and xml_attr functions to extract attributes from elements.

Another advantage of rvest is that it provides a way to handle cookies, so you can keep the session alive while scraping a website, and also you can handle redirections with handle_redirects

em-http-request is a Ruby gem for making asynchronous HTTP requests using EventMachine. It allows you to perform multiple requests simultaneously and handle the responses as they come in, rather than waiting for each request to complete before making the next one.

In short it supports: - Asynchronous HTTP API for single & parallel request execution - Keep-Alive and HTTP pipelining support - Auto-follow 3xx redirects with max depth - Automatic gzip & deflate decoding - Streaming response processing - Streaming file uploads - HTTP proxy and SOCKS5 support - Basic Auth & OAuth - Connection-level & global middleware support - HTTP parser via http_parser.rb - Works wherever EventMachine runs: Rubinius, JRuby, MRI

Example Use


library("rvest")

# Rvest can use basic HTTP client to download remote HTML:
tree <- read_html("http://webscraping.fyi/lib/r/rvest")
# or read from string:
tree <- read_html('
<div class="products">
  <a href="/product/1">Cat Food</a>
  <a href="/product/2">Dog Food</a>
</div>
')

# to parse HTML trees with rvest we use r pipes (the %>% symbol) and html_element function:
# we can use css selectors:
print(tree %>% html_element(".products>a") %>% html_text())
# "[1] "\nCat Food\nDog Food\n""

# or XPath:
print(tree %>% html_element(xpath="//div[@class='products']/a") %>% html_text())
# "[1] "\nCat Food\nDog Food\n""

# Additionally rvest offers many quality of life functions:
# html_text2 - removes trailing and leading spaces and joins values
print(tree %>% html_element("div") %>% html_text2())
# "[1] "Cat Food Dog Food""

# html_attr - selects element's attribute:
print(tree %>% html_element("div") %>% html_attr('class'))
# "products"
EventMachine.run {
  http = EventMachine::HttpRequest.new('http://google.com/').get :query => {'keyname' => 'value'}

  # add callback for errors:
  http.errback { p 'Uh oh'; EM.stop }

  # add callback for successful requests
  http.callback {
    p http.response_header.status
    p http.response_header
    p http.response

    EventMachine.stop
  }
}

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