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rvestvshttp.rb

MIT 17 1 1,455
629.3 thousand (month) Nov 22 2014 1.0.4(1 year, 7 months ago)
2,983 10 89 NA
0.12.0(6 years ago) Mar 20 2015 438 (month)

rvest is a popular R library for web scraping and parsing HTML and XML documents. It is built on top of the xml2 and httr libraries and provides a simple and consistent API for interacting with web pages.

One of the main advantages of using rvest is its simplicity and ease of use. It provides a number of functions that make it easy to extract information from web pages, even for those who are not familiar with web scraping. The html_nodes and html_node functions allow you to select elements from an HTML document using CSS selectors, similar to how you would select elements in JavaScript.

rvest also provides functions for interacting with forms, including html_form, set_values, and submit_form functions. These functions make it easy to navigate through forms and submit data to the server, which can be useful when scraping sites that require authentication or when interacting with dynamic web pages.

rvest also provides functions for parsing XML documents. It includes xml_nodes and xml_node functions, which also use CSS selectors to select elements from an XML document, as well as xml_attrs and xml_attr functions to extract attributes from elements.

Another advantage of rvest is that it provides a way to handle cookies, so you can keep the session alive while scraping a website, and also you can handle redirections with handle_redirects

http is an HTTP library for Ruby, it's a fork of the Ruby standard library Net::HTTP. It is designed to provide a more modern and consistent API for making HTTP requests and handling responses.

One of the main goals of http is to simplify the process of making HTTP requests and handling responses. It provides a consistent API for making requests and handling responses across different versions of Ruby and different HTTP libraries, making it easier to write cross-compatible code.

http supports all the standard HTTP methods such as GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, and PATCH, and allows you to set headers, query parameters, and request bodies.

Example Use


library("rvest")

# Rvest can use basic HTTP client to download remote HTML:
tree <- read_html("http://webscraping.fyi/lib/r/rvest")
# or read from string:
tree <- read_html('
<div class="products">
  <a href="/product/1">Cat Food</a>
  <a href="/product/2">Dog Food</a>
</div>
')

# to parse HTML trees with rvest we use r pipes (the %>% symbol) and html_element function:
# we can use css selectors:
print(tree %>% html_element(".products>a") %>% html_text())
# "[1] "\nCat Food\nDog Food\n""

# or XPath:
print(tree %>% html_element(xpath="//div[@class='products']/a") %>% html_text())
# "[1] "\nCat Food\nDog Food\n""

# Additionally rvest offers many quality of life functions:
# html_text2 - removes trailing and leading spaces and joins values
print(tree %>% html_element("div") %>% html_text2())
# "[1] "Cat Food Dog Food""

# html_attr - selects element's attribute:
print(tree %>% html_element("div") %>% html_attr('class'))
# "products"
require 'http'

# GET request
response = HTTP.get("http://httpbin.org/get")
puts response.body
puts response.status
puts response.headers

# POST request
response = HTTP.post("http://httpbin.org/post", json: { title: 'foo', body: 'bar', userId: 1 })
puts response.body

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